Source code for

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""The xonsh shell"""
import sys
import random
import time
import difflib
import builtins
import warnings

from xonsh.platform import (best_shell_type, has_prompt_toolkit,
from import XonshError, print_exception
from import events
import xonsh.history.main as xhm

events.doc('on_transform_command', """
on_transform_command(cmd: str) -> str

Fired to request xontribs to transform a command line. Return the transformed
command, or the same command if no transformation occurs. Only done for
interactive sessions.

This may be fired multiple times per command, with other transformers input or
output, so design any handlers for this carefully.

events.doc('on_precommand', """
on_precommand(cmd: str) -> None

Fires just before a command is executed.

events.doc('on_postcommand', """
on_postcommand(cmd: str, rtn: int, out: str or None, ts: list) -> None

Fires just after a command is executed. The arguments are the same as history.


* ``cmd``: The command that was executed (after transformation)
* ``rtn``: The result of the command executed (``0`` for success)
* ``out``: If xonsh stores command output, this is the output
* ``ts``: Timestamps, in the order of ``[starting, ending]``

events.doc('on_pre_prompt', """
on_first_prompt() -> None

Fires just before the prompt is shown

events.doc('on_post_prompt', """
on_first_prompt() -> None

Fires just after the prompt returns

[docs]def transform_command(src, show_diff=True): """Returns the results of firing the precommand handles.""" i = 0 limit = sys.getrecursionlimit() lst = '' raw = src while src != lst: lst = src srcs = for s in srcs: if s != lst: src = s break i += 1 if i == limit: print_exception('Modifications to source input took more than ' 'the recursion limit number of iterations to ' 'converge.') debug_level = builtins.__xonsh_env__.get('XONSH_DEBUG') if show_diff and debug_level > 1 and src != raw: sys.stderr.writelines(difflib.unified_diff( raw.splitlines(keepends=True), src.splitlines(keepends=True), fromfile='before precommand event', tofile='after precommand event', )) return src
[docs]class Shell(object): """Main xonsh shell. Initializes execution environment and decides if prompt_toolkit or readline version of shell should be used. """ def __init__(self, execer, ctx=None, shell_type=None, **kwargs): """ Parameters ---------- execer : Execer An execer instance capable of running xonsh code. ctx : Mapping, optional The execution context for the shell (e.g. the globals namespace). If none, this is computed by loading the rc files. If not None, this no additional context is computed and this is used directly. shell_type : str, optional The shell type to start, such as 'readline', 'prompt_toolkit', or 'random'. """ self.execer = execer self.ctx = {} if ctx is None else ctx env = builtins.__xonsh_env__ # build history backend before creating shell builtins.__xonsh_history__ = hist = xhm.construct_history( env=env.detype(), ts=[time.time(), None], locked=True) # pick a valid shell -- if no shell is specified by the user, # shell type is pulled from env if shell_type is None: shell_type = env.get('SHELL_TYPE') if shell_type == 'none': # This bricks interactive xonsh # Can happen from the use of .xinitrc, .xsession, etc shell_type = 'best' if shell_type == 'best' or shell_type is None: shell_type = best_shell_type() elif shell_type == 'random': shell_type = random.choice(('readline', 'prompt_toolkit')) if shell_type == 'prompt_toolkit': if not has_prompt_toolkit(): warnings.warn('prompt_toolkit is not available, using ' 'readline instead.') shell_type = 'readline' elif not ptk_version_is_supported(): warnings.warn('prompt-toolkit version < v1.0.0 is not ' 'supported. Please update prompt-toolkit. Using ' 'readline instead.') shell_type = 'readline' self.shell_type = env['SHELL_TYPE'] = shell_type # actually make the shell if shell_type == 'none': from xonsh.base_shell import BaseShell as shell_class elif shell_type == 'prompt_toolkit': from import PromptToolkitShell as shell_class elif shell_type == 'readline': from xonsh.readline_shell import ReadlineShell as shell_class else: raise XonshError('{} is not recognized as a shell type'.format( shell_type)) = shell_class(execer=self.execer, ctx=self.ctx, **kwargs) # allows history garbage collector to start running if hist.gc is not None: hist.gc.wait_for_shell = False def __getattr__(self, attr): """Delegates calls to appropriate shell instance.""" return getattr(, attr)