Tutorial: Events

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Overview

Simply, events are a way for various pieces of xonsh to tell each other what’s going on. They’re fired when something of note happens, eg the current directory changes or just before a command is executed.

While xonsh has its own event system, it is not dissimilar to other event systems. If you do know events, this should be easy to understand. If not, then this document is extra for you.

Show me the code!

Fine, fine!

This will add a line to a file every time the current directory changes (due to cd, pushd, or several other commands):

@events.on_chdir
def add_to_file(olddir, newdir, **kw):
    with open(g`~/.dirhist`[0], 'a') as dh:
        print(newdir, file=dh)

The exact arguments passed and returns expected vary from event to event; see the event list for the details.

Note that the event system is keyword only. Event handlers must match argument names and must have a **kw as protection against future changes.

Can I use this, too?

Yes! It’s even easy! In your xontrib, you just have to do something like:

events.doc('myxontrib_on_spam', """
myxontrib_on_spam(can: Spam) -> bool?

Fired in case of spam. Return ``True`` if it's been eaten.
""")

This will enable users to call help(events.myxontrib_on_spam) and get useful output.

Under the Hood

If you want to know more about the gory details of what makes events tick, see Advanced Events.